Harm Reduction for Gambling: A Public Health Approach

Routledge 2019



Problem Gambling in Women: An International Female Perspective on Treatment and Research.

Routledge 2017



Digital Dependence Paperback – 21 Aug 2017.


By Vanessa Bartlett (Author, Editor), Henrietta Bowden-Jones (Editor)



This book introduces the reader to the concept of problem gambling as an illness, it describes the current gambling habits and explores the way problem gambling may present in an individual. Paperback – 6 Feb 2015



Gambling Disorder, or pathological gambling, is a psychiatric condition characterised by persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behaviour. Hardcover – 13 May 2015


The Case for a Statutory Gambling Levy

Dr James Noyes, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Dr Matthew Gaskell. Article in SMF.  March 2022 

This paper makes the case for introducing a statutory levy on the gambling industry, to be overseen by a new independent board led by the Department of Health and Social Care. The paper surveys the current voluntary system of industry funding for harm reduction. It finds that the voluntary system is structurally flawed and has failed in its approach.

Commentary on Nower et al: The Pathways Model should apply to non-clinical gambling patterns

Joël Billieux, Céline Bonnaire, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Luke Clark. Article in Wiley online LibraryDOI: 2022 

Since its original publication in 2002, the pathways model [1] has become a major framework for understanding the aetiology of problem gambling. This model quickly became influential, driving much clinical research into the subtyping and heterogeneity of problem gambling. In turn, this research profoundly impacted the treatment of gambling disorder, as many clinicians in the field tailor their interventions according to gambling subtypes. Of further significance, the pathways model integrates an array of etiological factors (biological, psychological and environmental) that are hypothesised to underpin transitions from casual to problematic gambling. In their latest study using a large sample of treatment-seeking gamblers, Nower et al. [2] describe further evidence for their three subgroups, but their analyses also indicate some revisions to the model. Notably, the ‘antisocial-impulsivist pathway’ (pathway 3) was clearly distinct from the ‘emotionally vulnerable’ pathway (pathway 2), whereas in the original model, the pathway 3 liabilities were conceptualized as additive upon pathway 2.

Gambling Disorder in the United Kingdom: key research priorities and the urgent need for independent research funding

Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Roxanne Hook, Jon E. Grant, Konstantinos Ioannidis, Ornella Corazza, Naomi A Fineberg, Bryan F Singer, Amanda Roberts, Richard Bethlehem, Simon Dymond, Rafa Romero-Gracia, Trevor W Robbins, Samuele Cortese, Shane A Thomas, Barbara J Sahakian, Nicki A Dowling, Samuel Robin Chamberlain. Article in The Lancet PsychiatryDOI: 2022 

Gambling in the modern era is pervasive owing to the variety of gambling opportunities available, including those that use technology (eg, online applications on smartphones). Although many people gamble recreationally without undue negative effects, a sizeable subset of individuals develop disordered gambling, which is associated with marked functional impairment including other mental health problems, relationship problems, bankruptcy, suicidality, and criminality. The National UK Research Network for Behavioural Addictions (NUK-BA) was established to promote understanding of, research into, and treatments for behavioural addictions including gambling disorder, which is the only formally recognised behavioural addiction

An international cross-sectional investigation on social media, fitspiration content exposure, and related risks during the COVID 19 self-isolation period

Ilaria Cataldo, Julis Burkauskas, Artemisa Dores, Irene P Carvalho, Pierluigi Simonato, Ilaria De de Luca, Maria Angeles Gomas Martinez, Alejandra Rebeca Melero Ventola, Zsolt Demetrovics, Attila Szabo, Krisztine Edina Ábel, Mami Shibata, Kei Kobayashi, Hironobu Fujiwara, Eva Maria Arroyo-Anlló, Giovanni Martinotti, Fernando Barbosa, Inga Griskova-Bulanova, Aiste Pranckeviciene, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Gianluca Esposito, Ornella Corazza.  January 2022 Journal of Psychiatric Research DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2022.01.032 Problematic Usage of Internet and Behavioral AddictionExercise Addiction

With the global COVID-19 pandemic, governments from many countries in the world implemented various restrictions to prevent the SARS-Cov-2 virus’s spread, including social distancing measures, quarantine, in-home lockdown, and the closure of services and public spaces. This led to an increased use of social media platforms to make people feel more connected, but also to maintain physical activity while self-isolating. Concerns about physical appearance and the desire to keep or reach a muscular and toned ideal body, might have further reinforced the engagement in fitness-related social media activities, like sharing progresses in training achievements or following more fitness contents on popular profiles.

Brief overview of the WHO Collaborative Project on the Development of New International Screening and Diagnostic Instruments for Gaming Disorder and Gambling Disorder

Natacha Carragher, Joel Billieux, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Sophia Achab, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Zsolt Demetrovics, Douglas A Gentile, David Hodgins, Prof. Dr. Osman Tolga, Michael Baigent, Claudia Gandin, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Emanuele Scafato, Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Kristiana Siste, Daniel L. King, Susumu Higuchi, Wei Hao, John Saunders, Vladimir Poznyak.  Addiction DOI:10.1111/add.15780 December 2021 

Gambling disorder and NHS treatment: an overview

Emma Cooper-Samonini, Zoe Delaney, Henrietta Bowden-JonesTrends in Urology & Men’s Health 12(6):15-18 DOI:10.1002/tre.826. November 2021 

Gambling disorder affects mental health and wellbeing, and has a strong association with comorbid conditions that include mental health disorders. In the absence of any large‐scale prevalence survey in recent years and the popularity of online gambling, it is important that professionals are aware of the presentation and screening tools used to identify it.

Assessing international alcohol and internet use patterns during COVID-19 isolation using an online survey: highlighting distinct stressors conferring risk to compulsive behaviours

 Samantha N Sallie, Valentin JE Ritou, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Valerie Voon. Article in Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 92(8):A17.3-A18 17(1):61-74 DOI:10.1136/jnnp-2021-BNPA.40 August 2021 

Objectives and Aims The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has required drastic safety measures to contain virus spread, including an extended self-isolation period. Those with greater perceived or actual life stress are vulnerable to develop or reinstate problematic behaviours characterised by addiction and compulsive mechanisms. Thus, we assessed how the COVID-19 pandemic and isolation measures affected alcohol consumption and internet use in the general population.

Managing Problematic Usage of the Internet and Related Disorders in an Era of Diagnostic Transition: An Updated Review

Bernardo Dell’Osso, Ilaria Di Bernardo, Matteo Vismara, Eleonora Piccoli, Federica Giorgetti, Laurea Molteni, Naomi A. Fineberg, Calogero Vizi, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Roberto Truzoli, Caterina Vigano. Article in Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health 17(1):61-74 DOI:10.2174/1745017902117010061 July 2021

Introduction Problematic Usage of the Internet (PUI) refers to a broad and likely heterogeneous group of Internet-related conditions associated with behavioural disturbances and functional impairment. Methods Within PUI several conditions have been reported, including Gaming Disorder, Shopping Addiction, Cyberchondria, Gambling Disorder, Cyberpornography Addiction and Cyberbullying.

Gambling adverts: should they stay or should they go?

Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Adrian Crossley. Article in BMJ (online) 374:n1708 DOI:10.1136/bmj.n1708 July 2021

Assessing Online Gaming and Pornography Consumption Patterns During COVID-19 Isolation Using an Online Survey: Highlighting Distinct Avenues of Problematic Internet Behavior

Samantha N. Sallie, Valentin JE. Ritou, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Valerie Voon. Article in Addictive Behaviours DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107044 July 2021

Background and aim The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has required drastic safety precautions to contain virus spread, involving a protracted self-isolation period. Those with greater perceived or actual life stress are vulnerable to develop problematic internet behaviors.

Gambling and COVID-19: Initial Findings from a UK Sample

Steve Sharman, Amanda D L Roberts, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, John Strang. Article in International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction DOI:10.1007/s11469-021-00545-8 June 2021

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the UK Government placed society on ‘lockdown’, altering the gambling landscape. This study sought to capture the immediate lockdown-enforced changes in gambling behaviour.

Gambling in COVID-19 Lockdown in the UK: Depression, Stress, and Anxiety

Steve Sharman, Amanda D L Roberts, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, John Strang. Article in Frontiers in Psychiatry 12 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.621497 January 2021

To combat the spread of COVID-19, the UK Government implemented a range of “lockdown” measures. Lockdown has necessarily changed the gambling habits of gamblers in the UK, and the impact of these measures on the mental health of gamblers is unknown.

Treatment-Seeking Problem Gamblers: Characteristics of Individuals Who Offend to Finance Gambling

Amanda D L Roberts, Steve Sharman, Matthew King, Andy Bayston, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 19(4) DOI:10.1007/s11469-019-00192-0 June 2021

The relationship between crime and gambling is well established; however, few studies have examined offending specifically to finance gambling within a UK gambling treatment-seeking population.

Expert appraisal of criteria for assessing gaming disorder: An international Delphi study

Jesus Castro-Calvo, Daniel L. King,  Dan J Stein, Matthias Brand, Lior Carmi, Samuel R Chamberlain, Zsolt Demetrovics, Naomi A. Fineberg, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Murat Yucal, Sophia Achab, Atul Ambekar, Norharlina Bahar, Alex Blaszczynski, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Xavier Carbonell, Elda Chan, Chih-Hung Ko, Philippe de Timary, Magali Dufour, Marie Grell-Bronnec, Hae Kook Lee, Susummu Higuchi, Susana Jimenez-Murcia, Orsolya Király, Daira Kuss, Jiang Long, Astrid Müller, Stefano Pallanti, Marc N.Potenza, Afarin Rahimi-Movghar, John B. Saunders, Adriano Schimmenti, Seung-Yup Lee, Kristiana Siste, Daniel Tornaim Spritzer, Vladan Starcevic, Aviv Weinstein, Klaus Wölfling, Joel Billieux. DOI: 10.1111/add.15411 January 2021

Following the recognition of ‘internet gaming disorder’ (IGD) as a condition requiring further study by the DSM‐5, ‘gaming disorder’ (GD) was officially included as a diagnostic entity by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the eleventh revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD‐11). However, the proposed diagnostic criteria for gaming disorder remain the subject of debate, and there has been no systematic attempt to integrate the views of different groups of experts.

Behavioral Addictions and Management Applications: An Introduction

Nady el-Guebaly, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in Textbook of Addiction Treatment (pp.885-887) DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-36391-8_62 January 2021

This section is dedicated to the increasing recognition of the behavioral addictions as a significant component of our field of practice and windows into human nature without the effect of substances. The inclusion of gambling disorder under the DSM-5 diagnostic code of substance-related and addictive disorders as well as the recent recognition of Internet gaming disorder in the ICD11 are but examples of the awareness of an expanding empirical basis. At the same time, the increasing range of behaviors susceptible to develop from an excessive engagement to a habitual or compulsive pattern behooves us to seek for common as well as distinct features.

Gambling and Gaming Addictions in Women

Joseph Althaus, David Zendle, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in Textbook of Addiction Treatment (pp.943-953) DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-36391-8_66 January 2021

This chapter provides a summary of contemporary research perspectives on both gambling and gaming disorders in women. A discussion of the prevalence of gambling in women is given, as is an overview of gender-specific differences in the kinds of gambling that individuals engage in. A description of the nature of disordered gambling in women is then provided, incorporating a summary of gender differences in the progression of gambling disorder.

Assessing international alcohol consumption patterns during isolation from the COVID-19 pandemic using an online survey: highlighting negative emotionality mechanisms

Samantha N Sallie, Valentin Ritou, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Valerie Voon. Article in BMJ Open 10(11):e044276 DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044276 November 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic has required drastic safety measures to control virus spread, including an extended self-isolation period. Stressful situations increase alcohol craving and consumption in alcohol use disorder (AUD) and non-AUD drinkers. Thus, we assessed how COVID-19 related stress may have affected drinking behaviours in the general population.

Assessing online gaming and pornography consumption patterns during Covid-19 isolation using an online survey: Highlighting distinct avenues of problematic internet behavior.

Samantha N. Sallie, Valentin J.E. Ritou, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Valarie Voon. Article in Addictive behaviors Volume 123, December 2020, 107044

The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has required drastic safety precautions to contain virus spread, involving a protracted self-isolation period. Those with greater perceived or actual life stress are vulnerable to develop problematic internet behaviors. Thus, we assessed how COVID-19 social isolation affected online gaming (OG) and pornography viewing (PV) in the general population.

The need for gambling disorder clinics in Wales

Simon Dymond, Wynford Ellis Owen, Alice E Hoon, Gareth Roderique-Davies, Bev John, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in The Lancet 396(10261):e80 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32237-6  November 2020

The immediate impact of COVID-19 on mortality and morbidity has demonstrated the need for accurate and real time data monitoring and communication. Displacements to healthcare systems and economies may have created the perfect storm for an impending and enduring mental health crisis. OBJECTIVE This project documents observations from multiple digital platforms during the COVID-19 crisis, especially digital mental health services.

Open letter from UK based academic scientists to the secretaries of state for digital, culture, media and sport and for health and social care regarding the need for independent funding for the prevention and treatment of gambling harms

Heather Wardle, James Banks, Paul Bebbington, Lindsey Blank, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Stephanie Bramley, Christopher Bunn, Emma Casey, Rebecca Cassidy, Samuel R Chamberlain, James Close, Nathan Critchlow, Fiona Dobbie, Carolyn Downs, Simon Dymond, Emanuele Fino, Elizabeth Goyder, Cindy Gray, Mark Griffiths, Peter Grindrod, Lee Hogan, Alice Hoon, Kate Hunt, Richard James, Bev John, Jill Manthorpe, Jim McCambridge, David McDaid, Martin McKee, Sally McManus, Anthony Moss, Caroline Norrie, David J Nutt, Jim Orford, Rob Pryce, Richard Purves, Gerda Reith, Amanda Roberts, Emmett Roberts, Gareth Roderique-Davies, Jim Rogers, Robert D Rogers, Stephen Sharman, John Strang, Richard Tunney, John Turner, Robert West, David Zendle. Article in BMJ (online) 370:m2613 DOI: 10.1136/bmj.m2613 July 2020

Early warning signs of a mental health tsunami: Initial data insights from digital services providers during COVID-19

Becky Inkster, Ross O’Brien, Kate Niederhoffer, Niranja Bidargaddi, Roger S. Mcintyre, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, John Torous, Tom Insel, Hoang D. Nguyen. DOI: 10.2196/preprints.19903 May 2020

The immediate impact of COVID-19 on mortality and morbidity has demonstrated the need for accurate and real time data monitoring and communication. Displacements to healthcare systems and economies may have created the perfect storm for an impending and enduring mental health crisis. This project documents observations from multiple digital platforms during the COVID-19 crisis, especially digital mental health services.

Intimate Partner Violence in Treatment Seeking Problem Gamblers

Amanda D L Roberts, Steve Sharman, Jason Landon, Sean Cowlishaw, Raegan Murphy, Stephanie Meleck, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article inJournal of Family Violence 35(5) DOI: 10.1007/s10896-019-00045-3 January 2020

The co-occurrence of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and gambling disorder is an emerging area of research but no studies, as yet, have examined these within a gambling treatment-seeking population from the UK. 

The joint role of impulsivity and distorted cognitions in recreational and problem gambling: A cluster analytic approach

Gaetam Devos, Luke Clark, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Marie Grall-Bronnec, Gaëlle Bouju, Yasser Khazaal, Pierre Maurage, Joel Billieux. ArticleinJournal of Affective Disorders 260:473-482· January 2020 DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.096 · Jan 2020

The relationship between crime and gambling is well established; however, few studies have examined offending specifically to finance gambling within a UK gambling treatment-seeking population.

Treatment-Seeking Problem Gamblers: Characteristics of Individuals Who Offend to Finance Gambling

Amanda D L Roberts, Matthew King, Stephen Sharman, Andy Bayston, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. ArticleinInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction · December 2019 DOI: 10.1007/s11469-019-00192-0 · Dec 2019

The relationship between crime and gambling is well established; however, few studies have examined offending specifically to finance gambling within a UK gambling treatment-seeking population.

A Roadmap for Integrating Neuroscience Into Addiction Treatment: A Consensus of the Neuroscience Interest Group of the International Society of Addiction Medicine

Antonio Verdejo Garcia, Valentina Lorenzetti, Victoria Manning, Hugh Piercy, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. ArticleinFrontiers in Psychiatry 10:877 · December 2019 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00877 · Dec 2019

Although there is general consensus that altered brain structure and function underpins addictive disorders, clinicians working in addiction treatment rarely incorporate neuroscience-informed approaches into their practice. We recently launched the Neuroscience Interest Group within the International Society of Addiction Medicine (ISAM-NIG) to promote initiatives to bridge this gap. This article summarizes the ISAM-NIG key priorities and strategies to achieve implementation of addiction neuroscience knowledge and tools for the assessment and treatment of substance use disorders.

Neural and neurocognitive markers of vulnerability to gambling disorder: a study of unaffected siblings

Eve Limbrick-Oldfield, Inge Mick, Rachel E. Cocks, Remy S. A. Flechais, Samuel Turton, Anne Lingford-Hughes, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Luke Clark. ArticleinNeuropsychopharmacology  · October 2019 DOI: 10.1038/s41386-019-0534-1 · Oct 2019

Psychological and neurobiological markers in individuals with gambling disorder (GD) could reflect transdiagnostic vulnerability to addiction or neuroadaptive consequences of long-term gambling.

Loot boxes and the convergence of video games and gambling

David Zendle, Henrietta Bowden-Jones . Article in Psychiatry, The Lancet, DOI: · Sep 2019

The lines between video games and gambling have blurred over the past decade. The most prominent example of this overlap is loot boxes: items or rewards in video games that are paid for with real-world money but contain randomised contents whose value is unclear at the time of purchase.

The Piloting of a Brief Relational Psychodynamic Protocol (Psychodynamic Addiction Model) for Problem Gambling and Other Compulsive Addictions: A Retrospective Analysis

Angela Mooney, Amanda D L Roberts, Andy Bayston, Henrietta Bowden-Jones . Article in Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, DOI: 10.1002/capr.12251 · Jul 2019

Abstract: The paper describes a treatment pilot for gambling and compulsive addiction within an NHS problem gambling clinic. The pilot study used a brief relational psychodynamic treatment protocol specifically designed to meet the needs of a group of patients who had not responded to CBT and who had other addictions or co-morbidities.

Epidemiological Challenges in the Study of Behavioral Addictions: a Call for High Standard Methodologies

Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Dominique Brandt, Zsolt Demetrovics, Vladimir Poznyak, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, A. Rahimi-Movaghar, S. Assanangkornchai, R. G. Tkalić, G. Borges, H. Lee, F. Rehnein, N. A. Fineberg, K F. Mann, M. Potenza, D. J. Stein, S. Higuchi, J. B. Saunders, V. Poznyak. Article, DOI: 10.1007/s40429-019-00262-2 · June 2019

Abstract: Purpose of Review The 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) categorizes gambling disorder in the section on substance-related and addictive disorders, and the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) includes both gambling and gaming disorder as disorders due to addictive behaviors.

A transdiagnostic dimensional approach towards a neuropsychological assessment for addiction: an international Delphi consensus study

Article ID: ADD14424  Yucel M, Oldenhof E, Ahmed S, Belin D, Billieux J, Bowden-Jones H, Verdejo-Garcia A. Article in Addiction 114(6):1095-1109 DOI: 10.1111/add.14424 · June 2019 

Abstract: Background The U.S. National Institutes of Mental Health Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) seek to stimulate research into biologically validated neuropsychological dimensions across mental illness symptoms and diagnoses. The RDoC framework comprises 39 functional constructs designed to be revised and refined, with the overall goal to improve diagnostic validity and treatments. This study aimed to reach a consensus among experts in the addiction field on the ‘primary’ RDoC constructs most relevant to substance and behavioural addictions.

Is excessive use of social media an addiction?

David Zendle, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in BMJ Clinical Research 365:l2171 DOI: 10.1136/bmj.l2171 · May 2019

Should GPs routinely screen for gambling disorders?

Amanda D L Roberts, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, David Roberts Steve Sharman. Article in British Journal of General Practice 69(682):226-227 DOI: 10.3399/bjgp19X702329 · May 2019

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of dorsolateral versus ventromedial prefrontal cortex: impact on gambling task performance

E. Gomis Vicent, V. Thoma, J. Turner, D. Rivolta, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in Brain Stimulation 12(2):577-578 DOI: 10.1016/j.brs.2018.12.915 · March 2019

Intimate Partner Violence in Treatment Seeking Problem Gamblers

Amanda D L Roberts, Steve Sharman, Jason Landon, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in Journal of Family Violence DOI: 10.1007/s10896-019-00045-3 · February 2019

Abstract: The co-occurrence of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) and gambling disorder is an emerging area of research but no studies, as yet, have examined these within a gambling treatment-seeking population from the UK.

Unleashing talent in mental health sciences: gender equality at the top

Breedvelt J, Rowe S, Bowden-Jones H, Sridhar S Tracy D. Article in The British Journal of Psychiatry 213(6):679-681 DOI: 10.1192/bjp.2018.249 · Dec 2018

Abstract: Society is undergoing a shift in gender politics. Science and medicine are part of this conversation, not least as women’s representation and pay continue to drop as one progresses through more senior academic and clinical levels. Naming and redressing these inequalities needs to be a priority for us all.

Balancing validity, utility and public health considerations in disorders due to addictive behaviours

Dan J. Stein, Joel Billieux, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Vladimir Poznyak. Article n World psychiatry: official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA) 17(3):363-364 · October 2018

The use of naltrexone in pathological and problem gambling: A UK case series

Gaucherie-Ward S Bowden-Jones H.  Article in Journal of Behavioral Addictions 7(3):1-7 · September 2018

Background and aims: To investigate the potential indications and adverse effects of using the opioid antagonist naltrexone to treat problem gamblers. Case presentation: The files of the 1,192 patients who were referred to the National Problem Gambling Clinic between January 2015 and June 2016 were audited.

Including gaming disorder in the ICD-11: The need to do so from a clinical and public health perspective: Commentary on: A weak scientific basis for gaming disorder: Let us err on the side of caution (van Rooij et al., 2018)

Saunders JB, Hao W, Long Rumpf H, Achab S, Billieux J, Carragher N, Demetrovics Z, Bowden-Jones H, Higuchi S, King DL, Mann K, Potenza M, Poznyak V.  Article in Journal of Behavioural Addictions 7(3):1-6 DOI: 10.1556/2006.7.2018.59 · July 2018.

Abstract: The proposed introduction of gaming disorder (GD) in the 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) has led to a lively debate over the past year. Besides the broad support for the decision in the academic press, a recent publication by van Rooij et al.

Disrupted Childhood: The cost of Persuasive design

Beeban Baroness, Alexandra Evans, Jenny Afia, Young Scot, Bowden-Jones H. Conference Paper June 2018

Abstract: The Disrupted Childhood Report, published by 5Rights Foundation, explains how persuasive design strategies, deployed to maximise the collection of personal data, impact on children’s social, mental and physical development. It questions the legitimacy of commoditising childhood and sets out a series of practical and immediately applicable recommendations for the tech sector, Government, parents and investors.

Impulsivity and Gambling Type Among Treatment-Seeking Disordered Gamblers: An Explorative Study

Vittorio Lutri, Emiliano Soldini, Silvia Ronzitti, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in Journal of Gambling Behavior 34(4) DOI: 10.1007/s10899-018-9764-0 · March 2018

Abstract: Several studies have found that certain traits of impulsivity are associated with gambling disorder, and influence its severity. Furthermore, it has been suggested that some forms of gambling, particularly electronic gambling machines, are particularly widespread among pathological gamblers.

Are Treatment Outcomes Determined by Type of Gambling? A UK Study

Silvia Ronzitti, Emiliano Soldini, Neil Smith, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in Journal of Gambling Behavior 34(3) DOI: 10.1007/s10899-018-9752-4 · January 2018

Abstract: One of the main difficulties faced in treating gambling disorder is compliance with psychological treatment. Gambling takes many forms and can differ greatly in its features such as speed of play and skill requirements. The type of gambling a pathological gambler opts for may play a key role in treatment compliance.

Gaming disorder: Its delineation as an important condition for diagnosis, management, and prevention

King DL, Mann K, Fauth-Bühler M, Rumpf HJ, Bowden-Jones H, Rahimi-Movaghar A, Chung T, Chan E, et al. Article in Journal of Behavioral Addictions 6(3):271-279 DOI: 10.1556/2006.6.2017.039 · August 2017

Abstract: Online gaming has greatly increased in popularity in recent years, and with this has come a multiplicity of problems due to excessive involvement in gaming. Gaming disorder, both online and offline, has been defined for the first time in the draft of 11th revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11).

Gambling and negative life events in a nationally representative sample of UK men

Amanda D L Roberts, Steve Sharman, Jeremy Weir Coid, Jason Landon, Bowden-Jones H. Article in Addictive Behaviours 75:95-102 DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.07.002 · August 2017

Introduction: An International Female Perspective on Treatment and Research

Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Fulvia Prever. Chapter DOI: 10.4324/9781315627625-1 In book: Gambling Disorders in Women, pp.xxiii-xxiv July 2017

Introduction: An International Female Perspective on Treatment and Research

Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Fulvia Prever. Chapter DOI: 10.4324/9781315627625-1 In book: Gambling Disorders in Women, pp.xxiii-xxiv July 2017

Stress, strain, coping and social support for affected family members attending the National Problem Gambling Clinic, London

Jim Orford, Jenny Cousins, Neil Smith, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in International Gambling Studies 17(2):1-17 DOI: 10.1080/14459795.2017.1331251 · June 2017

Aims were: to compare burden experienced by affected family members (AFMs) attending a problem gambling treatment clinic in London, England with that of AFMs affected by substance problems; to examine socio-demographic correlates of AFM burden; to evaluate change following an intervention designed for AFMs; and to test the assumption of the stress-strain-coping-support (SSCS) model that change in AFM coping is important.

Episodic and Binge Gambling: An Exploration and Preliminary Quantitative Study

Sean Cowlishaw, E Nespoli, J K Jebadurai, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in Journal of Gambling Behavior 34(1) DOI: 10.1007/s10899-017-9697-z · June 2017

Abstract: The DSM-5 includes provisions for episodic forms of gambling disorder, with such changes aligned with earlier accounts of potential binge gambling behaviours. However, there is little research that indicates the utility of these classifications of episodic or binge gambling, and this study considered their characteristics in a clinical sample.

Current suicidal ideation in treatment-seeking individuals in the United Kingdom with gambling problems

Silvia Ronzitti, Emiliano Soldini, Neil Smith, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article in Addictive behaviors 74 DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.05.032 · May 2017

Background: Studies show higher lifetime prevalence of suicidality in individuals with pathological gambling. However, less is known about the relationship between pathological gambling and current suicidal ideation. Objectives: We investigated socio-demographic, clinical and gambling-related variables associated with suicidality in treatment-seeking individuals.

Functional impairment matters in the screening and diagnosis of gaming disorder

Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Joel Billieux, Daniel Luke King, Susumu Higuchi, Vladimir Poznyak. Article in Journal of Behavioral Addictions 6(3):285-289 DOI: 10.1556/2006.6.2017.036 · May 2017

Abstract: This commentary responds to Aarseth et al.’s (in press) criticisms that the ICD-11 Gaming Disorder proposal would result in “moral panics around the harm of video gaming” and “the treatment of abundant false-positive cases.” The ICD-11 Gaming Disorder avoids potential “overpathologizing” with its explicit reference to functional impairment caused by gaming and therefore improves upon a number of flawed previous approaches to identifying cases with suspected gaming-related harms.

BMJ Editorial: Pathological Gambling

Henrietta Bowden-Jones Article in BMJ Clinical Research 357:j1593 DOI: 10.1136/bmj.j1593 · April 2017

Gambling Disorder: Exploring Pre-treatment and In-treatment Dropout Predictors. A UK Study

Ronzitti S, Soldini E, Smith N, Clerici M, Bowden-Jones H. J Gambl Stud. Article in Journal of Gambling Behavior 33(6) DOI: 10.1007/s10899-017-9686-2 · March 2017

Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of treatment dropout in a sample of gamblers attending a specialist clinic for gambling disorder. We analysed data on 846 treatment-seeking pathological gamblers.

The benefits of using the UPPS model of impulsivity rather than the Big Five when assessing the relationship between personality and problem gambling

Natale Canale · Alessio Vieno · Henrietta Bowden-Jones · Joël Billieux Article in Addiction 112(2):372-373 DOI: 10.1111/add.13641 · February 2017 

Neural substrates of cue reactivity and craving in gambling disorder

EH Linbrick-Oldfield, I Mick,RECocks, J McConigle, SP Sharman, AP Goldstone, PRA Stokes, A Waldman, D Erritzoe,H Bowden-Jones, D Nutt, A Lingford-Hughes, L Clark. Article in Translational Psychiatry 7(1):e992 DOI: 10.1038/tp.2016.256 · January 2017

Abstract: Cue reactivity is an established procedure in addictions research for examining the subjective experience and neural basis of craving. This experiment sought to quantify cue-related brain responses in gambling disorder using personally tailored cues in conjunction with subjective craving, as well as a comparison with appetitive non-gambling stimuli.

Supplementary Information

Eve Limbrick-Oldfield, Inge Mick, Rachel Cocks, Luke Clark, Bowden-Jones H. January 2017.

Barriers to Treatment for Female Problem Gamblers: A UK Perspective

Anna Kaufman · Jessica D Jones Nielsen · Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Article in Journal of Gambling Behaviour 33(3) DOI: 10.1007/s10899-016-9663-1 · December 2016

Abstract: There is a paucity of research in the UK which examines problem gambling and that which does exist is mainly quantitative, focuses on male samples and fails to look at treatment seeking populations or obstacles preventing problem gamblers from seeking treatment.

Gambling disorder and suicidality within the UK: an analysis investigating mental health and gambling severity as risk factors to suicidality

Kathryn J. Roberts · Neil Smith · Henrietta Bowden-Jones · Survjit Cheeta, Article in International Gambling Studies 17(1):1-14 DOI: 10.1080/14459795.2016.1257648 · December 2016

Abstract: Greater severities of gambling behaviour and poorer mental health have been identified in the literature as risk factors for suicidality within gambling disorder (GD) populations.

Do High School Students in India Gamble? A Study of Problem Gambling and Its Correlates

Jaisoorya TS, Beena KV, Beena M, Ellangovan K, Thennarassuk K, Bowden-Jones H, Benegal V, George S. Article in Journal of Gambling Behaviour 33(2)DOI: 10.1007/s10899-016-9651-5 · November 2016

Abstract: Studies from the West suggest that significant numbers of high school students gamble, despite it being illegal in this age group. To date, there have been no studies on the prevalence of gambling among senior high school and higher secondary school students in India.

Evidence for GABA-A receptor dysregulation in gambling disorder: Correlation with impulsivity

Inge Mick, Anna Carolina Ramos, James F. M. Myers, Bowden-Jones H, Anne R. Lingford‐Hughes. Article in Addiction Biology 22(6) DOI: 10.1111/adb.12457 · October 2016

Abstract: As a behavioural addiction, gambling disorder (GD) provides an opportunity to characterize addictive processes without the potentially confounding effects of chronic excessive drug and alcohol exposure. Impulsivity is an established precursor to such addictive behaviours, and GD is associated with greater impulsivity. There is also evidence of GABAergic dysregulation in substance addiction and in impulsivity.

Types of gambling and levels of harm: A UK study to assess severity of presentation in a treatment-seeking population

Ronzitti S, Soldini E, Lutri V, Smith N, Clerici M, Bowden-Jones H. J Behav Addict; 5(3):439-47. DOI: 10.1556/2006.5.2016.068. Epub 2016 Sep 28

Background and aim: Previous international research emphasized that some forms of gambling are more “addictive” than others. More recently, research has shown that we should shift our attention from the type of gambling activity to the level of involvement in a number of different gambling activities.

The experience of gambling problems in British professional footballers: a preliminary qualitative study

Lim MS, Bowden-Jones H, Salinas M,Price J, Goodwin G, Geddes JR, Rogers R. Article in Addiction Research and Theory 25(2):1-10 DOI: 10.1080/16066359.2016.1212338 · August 2016

Abstract: Media reports suggest high rates of gambling amongst professional footballers but little is known about how footballers develop and then seek help for gambling problems. Here, we report the findings of in-depth, qualitative interviews with 11 British professional footballers who had, or who were, being treated for gambling problems at a residential clinic.

Gambling and violence in a nationally representative sample of UK men.: Gambling and Violence.

A Roberts, JW Coid, R King, R Murphy, J Turner, H Bowden-Jones, K Palmer du Perez, J Landon. Article in Addiction 111(12) DOI: 10.1111/add.13522 · July 2016

Background and Aims: The relationship between violence and problem gambling in general population samples is under-researched and requires further attention to inform treatment and prevention efforts.

Down and Out in London: Addictive Behaviors in Homelessness

Sharman S, Dreyer,J, Clark L, Bowden-Jones H. Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Behavioural Addictions 5(2):1-7 DOI: 10.1556/2006.5.2016.037 · June 2016

Backgrounds and aims: Problem gambling occurs at higher levels in the homeless than the general population. Past work has not established the extent to which problem gambling is a cause or consequence of homelessness. 

Gender Differences in Treatment-Seeking British Pathological Gamblers

Ronzitti S, Lutri V, Clerici M, Smith N, Bowden-Jones H. Article in Journal of Behavioral Addictions 5(2):1-1 DOI: 10.1556/2006.5.2016.032 · June 2016

Background and aim: Gambling is a widespread recreational activity in the UK. A significant percentage of gamblers develop subclinical or clinically relevant problem gambling issues, but only a low percentage of them seek treatment.

Treatment provision for gambling disorder in Britain: Call for an integrated addictions treatment and commissioning model

George S & Bowden-Jones H, BJPsych Bulletin Article Vol 40 Issue 3 DOI: 10.1192/pb.bp.114.050401 · June 2016

Abstract: Treatment provision for individuals with gambling problems in Britain is at best inadequate. Here we call for gambling treatment provision to be integrated into mainstream drug and alcohol services, and for its commissioning responsibilities to fall under local public health departments.

Brain Emotion Systems, Personality, Hopelessness, Self/Other Perception, and Gambling Cognition: A Structural Equation Model

Illiceto P, D’Antuono A, Bowden-Jones H, Giovani E, Giacolini T, Candilera G.Article in Journal of Gambling Studies 32(1):157-169 DOI: 10.1007/s10899-015-9543-0 · March 2016

Abstract: The aim of this study was to explore the relations between gambling, brain emotion systems, personality, self/other perception, and hopelessness in an Italian community. Dimensions of gambling, positive and negative emotions, self/other perception, personality and hopelessness were assessed in a community sample of 235 adults aged 19-59 years.

Rapid Evidence Review of Evidence-Based Treatment for Gambling Disorder in Britain

H.Bowden-Jones, C.Drummond, S.Thomas, Royal College of Psychiatrists Publication

Blunted Endogenous Opioid Release Following an Oral Amphetamine Challenge in Pathological Gamblers

Inge Mick Jim Myers Anna C Ramos Paul Ra Stokes David Erritzoe Alessandro Colasanti Roger N Gunn Eugenii A Rabiner Graham E Searle Adam D Waldman Mark C Parkin Alan D Brailsford Jos Cf Galdurz Henrietta Bowden-Jones Luke Clark David J Nutt Anne R Lingford-Hughes Article in Neuropsychopharmacology: official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology 41(7) DOI: 10.1038/npp 2015.340 · Nov 2015

Abstract: Pathological gambling is a psychiatric disorder and the first recognized behavioral addiction, with similarities to substance use disorders but without the confounding effects of drug-related brain changes.

The National Problem Gambling Clinic

Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Neil Smith. Chapter DOI: 10.1007/978-88-470-5322-9_74 · Nov 2015.

Abstract: The National Problem Gambling Clinic is the first and only National Health Service clinic (provider of free state medical treatment) designated to the treatment of pathological gamblers from all over the UK.

Gambling and Violence Poster Canada

Amanda D L Roberts, Jeremy Weir Coid, Robert King, Henrietta Bowden-JonesApr 2015.

Gambling Problems, Traumatic Life Events and the Perpetration of Violence

Amanda D L Roberts, Jeremy Weir Coid, Robert King, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Conference paper DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3822.7366 · April 2015.

Abstract: The findings highlight the need for Problem Gambling treatment services to undertake routine screening for alcohol, violence, IPV and traumatic life events (and routine screening for gambling problems in IPV services) and to tailor treatment for clients who present with such a cluster of issues.

Henrietta Bowden-Jones: Extrovert, optimistic, driven

BMJ Confidential 2015; 350:h1444 18 March 2015 DOI: 10.1007/s10899-015-9543-0

Smoking and Gambling Disorder: Does Tobacco Use Influence Treatment Outcome?

Ronzitti S, Lutri V, Meleck S, Smith N, Bowden-Jones H. Article in Journal of Gambling Studies DOI: 10.1007/s10899-015-9533-2 · March 2015

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to verify whether tobacco use influenced treatment outcome in a population of treatment seeking individuals with gambling disorder. Gambling disorder is defined as persistent and maladaptive gambling behaviour which meets four or more outlined criteria in the DSM-5.

Impulsivity and gambling type in treatment-seeking pathological gamblers: A multidimensional analysis

H. Bowden-Jones, Vittorio Lutri. Published Article in Journal of Behavioural Addictions 4:8-9 · Jan 2015.

Understanding and managing Gambling Disorder: an overview of recent evidence and current practices

Athanasios Alexandris, Neil Smith, Henrietta Bowden-Jones. Article Jan 2015.

Abstract: Gambling is a recreational activity observed across most cultures, yet for about 2% of the general population , and becomes significantly disordered and interferes with life functioning.

Dysregulation in the Opioid System in Pathological gambling: A [11C] carfentanil PET Study

Eugenii A Rabiner, Inge Mick, James F. M. Myers, Lingford-Hughes R. Anne, Bowden-Jones H, Conference Paper in Neuropsychopharmacology Conference: 53rd Annual Meeting of the American-College-of-Neuropsychopharmacology, Volume: 39 · Dec 2014

Help for problem gamblers

Neil Smith, Bowden-Jones H, Article in The Psychologist 27(12):896-897 · Dec 2014

Sy26-1working towards a harm index in problem gambling: study 2. Are treatment outcomes determined by type of gambling?

Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Silvia Ronzitti, Article in Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire). Supplement 49 Suppl 1(suppl 1):i23-i24 DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agu052.111 · September 2014 

Abstract: In this study we were interested in finding out whether there was an association between successful treatment completion and type of gambling amongst our patients at the National Problem Gambling Clinic in the UK. We analyzed data from 1063 patients who sought treatment at our clinic during a period of two years (2011-2012).

Sy17-3working towards a harm index in problem gambling: does type of play and level of involvement determine severity of presentation? A uk study (harm index study 1).

Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Silvia Ronzitti, Article in Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire). Supplement 49 Suppl 1(suppl 1):i17 DOI: 10.1093/alcalc/agu052.74 · Sep 2014

Abstract: Data from the 2010 British Gambling Prevalence Survey (BGPS) estimated that in the United Kingdom, the prevalence of problem gambling was about 0.9%. Amongst the general population, the most popular types of gambling are poker, dog races, slot machines and casino games.

Amphetamine induced endogenous opioid release in the human brain detected with [11C]carfentanil PET: Replication in an independent cohort

Mick I, Myers j, Stokes P, Erritzoe D, Colasanti A, Bowden-Jones H, Clark L, Gunn R, Rabiner E. The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, May 2014 05/14DOI:10.1017/S1461145714000704

Abstract: This study aimed to replicate a previous study which showed that endogenous opioid release, following an oral dose of amphetamine, can be detected in the living human brain using [11C]carfentanil positron emission tomography (PET) imaging.

Rates of Problematic Gambling in a British Homeless Sample: A Preliminary Study

Sharman S, Dreyer J, Aitken M, Clark L, Bowden-Jones H. Journal of GamblingStudies  2014DOI 10.1007/s10899-0149444-7 · Jan 2014

Impulsivity and Cognitive Distortions in Problem Gambling: Theory and Application

Annika Lindberg, Luke Clark, Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Chapter DOI: 10.1057/9781137272423_11 · Jan 2014

Abstract: This chapter explores impulsivity and its relation to problem gambling with a particular focus on gambling-related cognitive distortions.

Preface and acknowledgements

Jan 2014, Bowden-Jones H, A. Airas, J. Braverman, M. Welsh, Article DOI: 10.1057/9781137272423 · Jan 2014

Women and Problem Gambling: Therapeutic Insights into Understanding Addiction and Treatment

Bowden-Jones H, Article in The British Journal of Psychiatry 203(2):157-157 DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.113.131870 · Aug 2013

Expressing Gambling Related Cognitive Biases in Motor Behaviour: Rolling Dice to Win

Authors: Lim M, Bowden-Jones H, Rogers R. Article in Journal of Gambling Behaviour 30(3) DOI: 10.1007/s10899-013-9381-x · April 2013

Abstract: Cognitive perspectives on gambling propose that biased thinking plays a significant role in sustaining gambling participation and, in vulnerable individuals, gambling problems. One prominent set of cognitive biases include illusions of control involving beliefs that it is possible to influence random gaming events.

Commentary on Petry Et Al (2013): Actus Reus – Why It Matters to Pathological Gambling Treatment

Author Bowden-Jones H.,  Article in Addiction vol 108, Issue 3, 108(3):582-3 DOI: 10.1111/add.12097 · March 2013

Gamblers Anonymous: Overlooked and Underused?

George S, Ijeoma O, Bowden-Jones H. Article in Advances in Psychiatric Treatment 19(1):23-29 DOI: 10.1192/apt.bp.111.009332 · January 2013

Abstract: Gamblers Anonymous (GA) is perhaps the least used of the twelve-step approaches to dealing with addictions. This relative lack of visibility and use, at least in the UK, is reflected in healthcare professionals’ lack of awareness and knowledge of gambling addiction and its treatment, including GA. In this article, we introduce the basic tenets of GA and discuss how these translate into treatment.

Problem Gambling: What Can Psychiatrists Do?

Authors: George S, Bowden-Jones H, Orfeord J, Petry N. The Psychiatrist (Jan 2013) 37: 1-3

Abstract: Psychiatrists rarely recognise or treat problem gambling, despite its high comorbidity among psychiatric patients. Early interventions, as in other psychiatric disorders, offer the potential for improving outcomes in problem gamblers. In this editorial, we make the case for why psychiatrists should do more to help problem gamblers, and discuss in detail how they can offer screening and brief psychological interventions.

Chapter: Drugs and Alcohol Misuse in the Workplace

Authors: Bowden-Jones H, Brown D. in ”Fitness For Work: The Medical Aspects”, Fifth Edition Edited by Keith T. Palmer, Ian Brown, and John Hobson Oxford University Press ISBN 9780199643240 In press. Publication date Jan 2013.

Affective Forecasting in Problem Gamblers

Willmer -Reed J, Smith N, Bowden-Jones H, MacLeod A K International Gambling Studies March 2012. DOI: 10.1080/14459795.2012.671841

Abstract: Affective forecasting refers to the process of predicting emotional reactions to future events. It plays an important role in decision making, but is also prone to errors, such as the ‘impact bias’: a tendency to overestimate the intensity of future reactions. The impact bias has been considered evolutionarily adaptive, as it performs a protective function in motivating people to avoid risky behaviour.

Pathological Gambling Among Men: An Overview

Authors: J. Dhillon & H. Bowden-Jones Trends in Urology and Men’s health. November/December 2012

Abstract: Problem gambling is on the increase in the UK, particularly among young men. The authors explain how the behaviour can have a strong impact on the quality of life of family members and can lead to difficulties in close relationships, as well as affecting the physical and mental health of the gambler.

Decision Making, Impulsivity, and Addictions: Do Parkinson’s Disease Patients Jump to Conclusions?

Djamshidian, A., O’Sullivan, S. S., Sanotsky, Y., Sharman, S., Matviyenko, Y., Foltynie, T., Michalczuk, R., Aviles-Olmos, I., Fedoryshyn, L., Doherty, K. M., Filts, Y., Selikhova, M., Bowden-Jones, H., Joyce, E., Lees, A. J. and Averbeck, B. B. Article in Mov. Disord. 27(9):1137-45 DOI:10.1002/mds.25105 · Aug 2012

Abstract: Links between impulsive-compulsive behaviors (ICBs) in treated Parkinson’s disease (PD), behavioral addictions, and substance abuse have been postulated, but no direct comparisons have been carried out so far. We directly compared patients with PD with and without ICBs with illicit drug abusers, pathological gamblers, and age-matched healthy controls using the beads task, a test of reflection impulsivity, and a working memory task.

Editorial: The Medical Management of Problem Gamblers

Authors: Bowden-Jones, H & Smith, N. British Medical Journal (BMJ) March 2012 344: e 1559

Abstract: Welcome new guidance highlights scanty evidence base to guide screening and treatment Pathological gambling is an addiction that afflicts 0.9% of the population of the United Kingdom according to the findings of the 2010 British gambling prevalence survey

Gambling Addiction

Authors: Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Sanju George. Article in BMJ (online) 343(dec301):d7789 DOI: 10.1136/bmj.d7789 · Dec 2011

Pathological Gambling in Parkinson’s Disease-A Review of the Literature

Authors: Djamshidian A., Cardoso F., Grosset D., Bowden-Jones H., Lees A.J. Article in Movement Disorders, September 2011, vol./is. 26/11(1976-1984), 0885-3185;1531-8257

Abstract: The prevalence of pathological gambling is 3.4% to 6% in treated Parkinson’s disease, which is higher than the background population rate. In this review we discuss current evidence to indicate that dopamine agonists are much more likely to trigger this behavior than either L-dopa or selective monoamine oxidase B inhibitor monotherapy. New insights from recent behavioral and functional imaging studies and possible treatment approaches are also covered. A PubMed literature search using the terms “gambling” and “Parkinson’s disease,” “impulse control disorder,” “impulsive compulsive behaviour,” “dopamine agonist,” of individual dopamine agonists, and of ongoing drug trials, using, was carried out for the period up to January 2011. 2011 Movement Disorder Society.

“You never told me I would turn into a gambler”: a first person account of a dopamine agonist- induced gambling addiction in a patient with restless legs syndrome

Authors: H.Bowden-Jones, S. George. Article in BMJ Case Reports 2011(aug24 1) DOI: 10.1136/bcr.07.2011.4459 · Aug 2011

Abstract: Dopaminergic agents are commonly used and effective treatments for restless legs syndrome (RLS), a disabling sensorimotor disorder. Less known are some of the potentially disabling side effects of these treatments, particularly iatrogenic gambling addiction, as is described here. Here the authors present a 62-year-old man, with a 20-year history of RLS, who developed gambling addiction while on dopaminergic treatment.


Pathological Gambling: A Neurobiological and Clinical Update

British Journal of Psychiatry, August 2011, vol./is. 199/2(87-89), 0007-1250;1472-1465 August 2011 Authors: Bowden-Jones H., Clark L.

Abstract: A proposed merging of pathological gambling with the drug addictions in the forthcoming DSM-5 prompts an overview of the neurobiological data showing similarities between these conditions, as well as an update on national trends in gambling behaviour and current treatment provision.


Pathological Gambling and the Treatment of Psychosis with Aripiprazole: Case Reports

British Journal of Psychiatry, August 2011, vol./is. 199/2(158-159), 0007-1250;1472-1465 (August 2011) Authors: Smith N., Kitchenham N., Bowden-Jones H.

Abstract: This paper details three case reports that suggest that pathological gambling activity may have been adversely modified following treatment for psychosis with the antipsychotic aripiprazole. These reports are discussed in the context of previous observations of the potential impact of aripiprazole on impulse control and the implications such observations could have for clinical practice and future research.

Impulsivity and Cognitive Distortions in Pathological Gamblers Attending the UK National Problem Gambling Clinic: A Preliminary Report

Psychological Medicine Dec 2011 41 pp 2625-2635 Authors: Michalczuc R, Bowden-Jones H, Verdejo-Garcia A, Clark L.

Abstract: Background Pathological gambling (PG) is a form of behavioural addiction that has been associated with elevated impulsivity and also cognitive distortions in the processing of chance, probability and skill. We sought to assess the relationship between the level of cognitive distortions and state and trait measures of impulsivity in treatment-seeking pathological gamblers. Method Thirty pathological gamblers attending the National Problem Gambling Clinic, the first National Health Service clinic for gambling problems in the UK, were compared with 30 healthy controls in a case-control design.

Treatment for Cannabis Dependence

Authors: Bowden-Jones H., McPhillips M., Rogers R., Hutton S., Joyce E. Chapter. Publisher: Cambridge University Press, pp.413-421

Using Naltrexone in the Treatment of Pathological Gambling

Suchde R & Bowden-Jones H. Research and Advances in Psychiatry 2014; 1(1):6-11

Internet Addiction: A Qualitative Overview

George S, Bowden-Jones H, Research and Advances in Psychiatry 2014 1(1) 32-37

Internet Gaming Addiction: a Novel Approach, The Lindberg & Bowden-Jones Model

Lindberg A & Bowden-Jones H, Canadian Journal of Addiction Vol 5 Number 2 June 2014

Gambling: The Hidden Addiction

April 2014, George S& Bowden-Jones H, Faculty Report Royal College of Psychiatrists. FR/AP/01

Pathological Gambling: A Clinical Overview

Kaspar P, Mitter S, Bowden-Jones H. Clinical Focus Primary Care. 2013, Vol 7, Issue 3 145-216

Book Review of Women and Problem Gambling by L Karter

Bowden-Jones H, Addiction and Treatment, British Journal of Psychiatry. August 2013 2013203:157;doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.113.131870

Book Chapterin Forensic Psychiatry. B. Puri and I. Treasaden

H. Bowden-Jones & S. George ”Pathological gambling and Crime” Hodder Arnold Publishers

Pathological Gambling: A Clinical Review

Kaspar P, Mitter S, Bowden-Jones H. Clinical focus: Primary care. 2012

Gambling, the Family and You: A Self-Help Handbook for Family Members

Copello A, Bowden-Jones H, Cousins J, George S, Orford J. CNWL publications 2012.

Addictions. Encyclopedia of Quality of Life Research

NY: Springer Publishing. 2012 Authors:Temcheff, C., Bowden-Jones, H., & Derevensky, J.

A Patient’s Journey: Gambling Addiction

British Medical Journal (BMJ) Dec 2011; 343 do7789 Authors: patient, Bowden-Jones H, George S.


Problem Gambling Leaflet for Royal College of Psychiatrist: Updated

Royal College of Psychiatrists Public Education Editorial Board. Authors: Bowden-Jones H, George. S. 2011


Gambling Addiction in Women

Women’s Health, Vol 6, N2, 2011 Authors: S.George, H.Ekhtiari, H.Bowden-Jones


Win-win Treatment. Interview by Lynne Wallis.

Problem Gambling Leaflet for Royal College of Psychiatrists Royal College of Psychiatrists Public Education Editorial Board. Authors: Bowden-Jones H., Caroline Frayne. Feb 2009

Addiction to gambling tends to be a hidden problem but now the UK’s first NHS-funded treatment unit is attempting to tackle it.

2008 Cambridge Textbook of Effective Treatments in Psychiatry

H. Bowden-Jones: Co-author of Cannabis chapter. Editor Prof Peter Tyrer and K. Silk.

Neurobehavioural Characteristics and Relapse in Addiction

British Journal of Psychiatry, Jun 2006, vol./is. 188/MAY(494), 0007-1250 May 2006 Authors: Bowden-Jones H., McPhillips M., Joyce E.M.

Harm Reduction Canadian Style

Scanbites Summer 2006: vol 3 issue 2. Author: H.Bowden-Jones

Risk-Taking on Tests Sensitive to Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Dysfunction Predicts Early Relapse in Alcohol Dependency: A Pilot Study

Authors: Henrietta Bowden-Jones, Mike A. McPhillips, Robert Rogers, Eileen M Joyce

Article in Journal of Neuropsychiatry 17(3):417-20 DOI: 10.1176/appi.neuropsych.17.3.417 · Feb 2005

Abstract: Twenty one patients in a residential rehabilitation program fulfilling International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD) criteria for alcohol dependence syndrome were recruited. On neuropsychological tests, alcohol dependent patients relapsed early if they made choices governed by immediate gain irrespective of later outcome, which is consistent with dysfunctional ventromedial-prefrontal cortex mediating the inability to resist the impulse to drink despite ultimately deleterious effects. The authors suggest that the use of neuropsychological tasks of decision making may have several advantages over more conventional strategies for studying alcoholism.